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Friday 31 August 2012

All About IP address part-2

There are two ways two change your IP on Windows. The easy way, and the hard way. Ill discuss how to do both of them in this tutorial.

Easy Way:

The first way to change it is, if your NIC (Network Interface Card) supports cloning your MAC Address. If this is the case then you go to.

Start > Control Panel > Network Connections

Right Click on your NIC card and goto properties. Then click the button labeled Configure. It should bring up another form. Click on the advanced tab. You should see under Property "Locally Administered Address" or "Network Address". Click the radio button next to the text box, and type in your new MAC address. (note you do not use the "-" when you enter your no MAC Address.

To check and see if it worked or not go to

Start > Run > and type in "cmd"

When the terminal comes up issue the command.

ipconfig /all

Hard Way:

To change your MAC Address the hard way, you first go to

Start > Run > and type in "cmd"

Once the terminal comes up type in

"net config rdr"

It should bring up alot of things, but what you are worried about is

NetBT_Tcpip_{ The Numbers Between here}

Copy the numbers in between there and write it down somewhere, seeing that you will need them later.

After you are done with that go to

Start > Run > and type in "regedt32"

That should bring up the windows registry. Once the registry is up go to


Click on the drop down menu and you should see the sub-categories

and so on.

Click on each one and compare the "NetCfgInstanceId" Key with the number you wrote down earlier. Once you find a match double click on the key "NetworkAddress" and change the value to your new MAC address. Hit ok and reboot your system.

There r several ways u can determine ur IP address information:


Start / Run / cmd
This opens a command window. One advantage is that u can send the information to a text file (IPCONFIG /ALL > c:\ip.txt)
But sometimes the window shows show much information u need to scroll around to fine it.


Control Panel / Network Connections / Double click the icons 4 ur network (If the network has an icon in the system tray u can also just double click on that icon)
Click on the Support tab
Click on the Details button
Make Pictures Smaller Unavailable

When u try nd send pictures through e-mail, u should normally be given the option to make them smaller.
If this option is not available, a DLL file may need to be registered.

regsvr32 shimgvw.dll
Creating a Suspend Shortcut

If u would like to create an icon to suspend ur computer,

Right click on the Desktop
New / Shortcut
Enter in rundll32.exe PowrProf.dll, SetSuspendState
Give it whatever name u want
Now when u click on that shortcut, ur computer will shutdown nd suspend
Submitted by Gabe
Changing the User Type

Normally in XP Pro, through the Control Panel / User Accounts icon, u r only allowed to create administrators or limited users.
If u want to create

Right click on My Computer
Local Users nd Groups
Right click on the user u want to change
Member of tab
Add button
Advanced button
Find Now button
From here u see the full list of possibilities (e.g. Power User, Backup Operator etc.)

some more
Determining Which Services r Associated with SVCHOST

Since so many critical services r run with each svchost,
You can see which ones r being used by opening a cmd prompt nd running:

tasklist /svc /fi "imagename eq svchost.exe"

Note: This is available only with XP Pro
Identify Faulty Device Drivers

If u r having problems with lockups, blue screens, or can only get to safe mode,
often the problem is due to a faulty device driver.

One way to help identify them is through the use of the Verfier program

Start / Run / Verifier
Keep the default of Create Standard Settings
Select the type of drivers u want to confirm
A list of drivers to be verified on the next boot will be shown.
If ur computer stops with a blue screen, u should get an error message with the problem driver
To turn off the Verifier, run verifier /reset
Viewing Installed Drivers

If u want to see a list of installed drivers, u can run the driverquery program
There r a lot of available switches to view different types of information.
On use can be to export to a CSV file 4 viewing in Excel
An example would then be:

Driverquery /v /fo csv > drivers.csv


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